What is Obesity?
Obesity is the state of being extremely overweight with Body mass index (BMI) above 28. Body Mass Index (BMI) is an index to classify underweight, overweight and obese individuals. It is calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in metres (kg/m2).
Why is obesity important to be treated?
Firstly, being over-weight or obese makes a person feel unattractive. Secondly, there are a host of medical problems directly related to obesity and many others which are worsened by being obese like Diabetes, high BP, high lipids in serum, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Heart Disease, Knee Osteoarthritis, Stress Urinary Incontinence and Fatty Liver. These are a few diseases which are either directly due to or are worsened by obesity
How do we lose weight?
The first and most important way to lose weight is by modification of diet and increasing physical activity. Dietary changes include reduction of total calorie intake and modification of composition of diet
Diet should include reduction of carbohydrates and fats and increase in proteins and fibre. It is helpful to be in touch with a qualified nutritionist for planning of a diet according to your requirements.
Regular exercise, at least 4-5 days a week, is essential to lose weight. It also improves general fitness level and well-being. A trainer can guide you to exercise properly in order to get maximum benefits and at the same time avoid injuries.
Diet and exercise have been shown to cause a 5-10% weight loss over a period of time. To maintain the weight loss it is important to continue the healthy diet and exercise, otherwise you are likely to gain the lost weight.
What is the weight loss programme at Manipal Hospital?
There is a comprehensive weight loss programme in place at The Manipal Centre for Weight Management. There is a dedicated space for consultation which is geared up to cater to all the needs of people who come for consultation. There is a multi-disciplinary team to take care of all the aspects of weight control. There are dedicated nutrition experts, exercise therapists and nurses to evaluate your diet and exercise needs. A Specialist Bariatric Surgeon and Physician are available for consultation and advice. Whenever required other specialists are made available to manage diabetes, high BP, breathing problems, knee joint problems etc
Once a thorough evaluation is done, a plan is prepared which involves dietary changes, exercise (at Manipal Hospital or at your home) and treatment of associated illnesses. For suitable patients, surgery is offered and planned after detailed discussion. Surgery is performed after detailed and thorough evaluation of the medical conditions and fitness for anaesthesia.